♪How many sheep are there in a flock? – 群れのひつじは何匹?

今日は物の数や量を尋ねる How many と How much について取り上げます。

籠の中のリンゴの数は?
あなたのスマートフォンが1年間に消費する電力はどのくらい?

英語で訊ねてみましょう。

リスニングレッスン

トランスクリプト

Hi everyone! Thank you for tuning in to Time for English.

Some people count sheep when they have trouble sleeping. So, sheep are countable. If you want to know the number of sheep in a flock, how do you ask? You’ll ask, How many sheep are there in the flock? Likewise, how many apples are there in the basket? How many brothers or sisters do you have? How many bottles of wine did you buy for the party?

What if you want to ask about the quantity of something that is not countable, such as time, money, energy or water? We use “how much” instead of ‘how many”. For example, how much money do you have in your savings account? How much time does it take to walk a mile? How much energy does your smartphone consume in a year?

I’d suggest that you create your own sentences using “how many” and “how much”.

In the meantime, I’ll read three sentences. Please listen carefully and choose the one that is NOT CORRECT grammatically. Ready?

1. How many sugar would you like in your coffee?
2. How much water do we need to drink per day?
3. How much wine is there in the bottle?

日本語訳

こんにちは。毎度エイゴの時間をご愛顧いただきありがとうございます。

眠れないときにはひつじを数える。つまり、ひつじは数えられるわけです。では。群れの中のひつじの数を訊ねるとき、どう訊ねればよいでしょう? How many sheep are there in the flock? です。籠の中のリンゴの数は? How many apples are there in the basket? です。兄弟や姉妹の人数を訊ねるなら How many brothers or sisters do you have? です。パーティのために購入したワインの本数を訊ねるときは How many bottles of wine did you buy for the party? となります。

では数えられないものの量を訊ねる場合はどうしましょう!?時間とか金銭とかエネルギーとかお水とか。how many の代わりに how much を使います。普通預金口座の残高を訊ねるなら How much money do you have in your savings account? です。1マイル歩くのにどのくらいの時間を要するでしょう? How much time does it take to walk a mile? あなたのスマートフォンが1年間に消費する電力はどのくらいかしら。How much energy does your smartphone consume in a year?

皆さんも how many と how much を用いた英文をいくつか作ってみてください。


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